Some groups of words that look like sentences are really dependent clauses. Some words that look like verbs are really verbals. A dependent clause or a verbal phrase may express a thought that is not able to stand on its own but has become embedded in a larger sentence structure. Understanding how thoughts become embedded will help you to
combine ideas and discover relationships among them through your writing.
In Chapter 5, you will learn that:
- a clause is a group of related words containing a subject + verb.
- an independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself as a complete sentence (Everyone can write).
- a dependent clause is a clause that has given up its independence and can no longer stand by itself (that everyone can write) .
- a phrase is a group of related words that does not contain a subject + verb combination. (in spite of your writing).
- a verbal is a verb form that has lost its power to play the role of verb in a sentence (to write; writing; written).
- a verbal phrase is a group of words containing a verbal and the verbal's completers or modifiers (to write a clear essay).
- sentences can be combined by embedding clauses or verbals.
- sentences can be combined by compounding clauses or verbals.