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9.6 Run-on Sentences: Avoiding Run-on Sentences

Be careful when one independent clause makes a command.

When the command is based on the idea in the other clause, the close relationship between the ideas in the two clauses may make you feel that one is just a continuation of the other.

Run-on: A command can cause a punctuation trap don't fall into it.
Corrected: A command can cause a punctuation trap. Don't fall into it.
pencil Application 7

Be careful when an independent clause begins with one of these pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, this, or that.

These pronouns may make you feel that a new independent clause is a continuation of the previous one.

Run-on: A pronoun refers to something that you've just said that's how a pronoun creates a feeling of unity between sentences.
Corrected: A pronoun refers to something that you've just said. That's how a pronoun creates a feeling of unity between sentences.
pencil Application 8

Be careful when an independent clause begins with or includes a transitional expression.

Transitional expressions (also known as adverbial conjunctions) are neither dependent words nor conjunctions. They are simply expressions that show relationships between independent clauses.

Run-on: These words link ideas logically however, they don't join clauses grammatically.
Corrected: These words link ideas logically. However, they don't join clauses grammatically.
Here are some common transitional expressions:
Transitional Expressions
To show time and sequence:
meanwhile, eventually, soon, later, first, second, next, then, finally,
also, besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition, too
To compare and contrast:
likewise, similarly, in the same way, however, nevertheless,
still, on the other hand, on the contrary, even so
To show cause and effect:
therefore, as a result, accordingly, consequently, thus, hence, otherwise
To offer examples and conclusions:
for instance, for example, after all, in fact, of course
in conclusion, in other words, on the whole, in short
Transitional expressions offer some of the rare occasions when semicolons are useful.
Transitional expressions show the relationship between two ideas; therefore, a semicolon is all you need for connecting the clauses.
Notice that when a transitional expression begins a clause, it is usually followed by a comma.

For more on transitional expressions, see Chapter 16.

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